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What is a silkscreen print?Silkscreen printing is a stenciling technique that uses ink to transfer a design onto a surface. It's also known as screen printing or serigraphy. The process involves: Cutting out a design from paper or another thin, strong material Supporting the design on a porous fabric mesh stretched across a frame called a screen Pushing ink through the stencils using a squeegee (a rubber blade) Silkscreen printing is ideal for bold and graphic designs. It's often used for: Show cards Posters Products in high volumes Advantages of silkscreen printing include: Relatively cheap equipment Very few preliminaries Printing on almost any surface Inks can be oil colors, water paints, or lacquers Disadvantages of silkscreen printing include: Requires high print volume Complex and involved setup time Not as cost effective for printing a few items
What is a Giclee?A giclée print is a type of fine art print that uses an inkjet printer to spray ink onto paper or canvas. The word "giclée" comes from the French word "gicleur" which means "to spray". Giclée prints are created using specialized high-resolution inkjet printers. These printers use small spraying devices that can match color and apply ink precisely. Giclée prints are known for their high quality, longevity, and value compared to standard prints. Giclée prints are designed for durability. They use acid-free papers, such as 100% cotton or rag-base archival quality paper. Giclée prints can be identified by: The appearance of the art seeping into the canvas The addition of texture by hand The term "giclée" was coined in 1991 by printmaker Jack Duganne. It was originally applied to fine art prints created on a modified Iris printer in a process invented in the late 1980s. How it works An inkjet printer sprays ink onto paper or canvas. The print head, where the ink squirts out from, races quickly back and forth over the paper. The ink is "sprayed" onto the page resulting in greater color accuracy, and truer shades and hues, than other methods of reproduction. Giclée printers use up to 12 individual colors. This gives much smoother gradient transitions and a wider color gamut. Why it's valuable The high quality and long lifespans of giclées ensure that the prints appreciate in value. As an artist becomes more popular and their work becomes more in demand, their limited edition prints will increase in value. Giclee Print vs Inkjet Print Key differences Resolution Giclée printers have a higher resolution than standard inkjet printers. This allows for finer, less pixelated prints. Inks Giclée prints use pigment-based inks, which have a longer lifespan than dye-based inks. Pigment-based inks can last 65–85 years without significant fading. Production costs Higher-end Giclée prints use more expensive printers, inks, pigments, paper, and production techniques. Other differences Giclée printers can reproduce a larger gamut of color and deeper blacks. Giclée prints can appreciate in value over time.
What is a LithographyLithography is a printing process that uses the immiscibility of grease and water. The process involves: Applying the design: The artist draws with greasy materials on a stone. The stone can be limestone or aluminum. Applying chemicals: The stone is chemically treated to establish where water and ink will go. Wiping off the design: The drawing is replaced with ink. Inking and printing: The surface is moistened so that only the greasy areas are printed on the paper. Here are some steps in the lithography process: Secure a substrate. Apply your design to the surface using an oil-based medium like ink or a lithographic crayon. Apply talcum to the image. Cover the image with gum arabic and acetic acid. Apply camera bake onto the stone. Apply a gum arabic mix with nitric acid onto the stone. Let the stone rest for at least an hour. Place the stone on a specialist ography press. Adjust the pressure for the stone. Wash out the image on the stone.
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